What type of medical do I need?
Individual? Anyone wishing to train for a private pilot’s licence will need to obtain an initial Class 2 or LAPL medical certificate or an national private pilot licence NPPL medical declaration as part of the licensing requirements.
Where to get my Medical in the UK?
Class 1 renewal Form: Click here
Medical certificate validity periods: Click here
Make sure you bring: Your License, Passport or driving license for ID, Current medical certificate and any notes and documents related.
When to book my CAA Medical to keep its original expiry date?
You can take your revalidation examination up to 45 days before your certificate’s expiry date.
If your certificate expired more than 2 years before your attempt to renew it, the examiner will need to assess your aero-medical records before carrying out the renewal examination. If more than 5 years before then you will have to follow the same process as for initial issue. Find out more: Click here
Frequently asked Questions
How do I get my medical?
Before you start your journey in becoming a pilot you will need to undertake a medical to see if you are fit to fly. You will first need to book in for an initial medical examination. The Class 1 initial medical examination under EASA must be carried out at an Aeromedical Centre (AeMC) and you can find all current AeM Centres listed on the Civil Aviation Authority website. The medical examination can take up to four hours to complete. It examines your medical history, eyesight, general physical check, hearing, heart rhythm, lung function, as well as including blood and urine tests.
How long does it take?
The initial class 1 medical will take approximately 4 hours. You will be required to see an optometrist, undergo an ECG, blood tests for haemoglobin and cholesterol, audiogram, spirometry, urine test and full clinical examination. A medical certificate is issued on the same day if all required standards are met. If the required standards are not met or further investigations are necessary before a decision on medical certification is possible this process will take longer.
How old do I need to be?
Applicants for an ATPL licence must be at least 21 years old. An applicant for a Commercial or Multi-Crew Pilots Licence must be at least 18 years old. A Class 1 Medical Certificate will be required while completing the training for these categories of licence.
Contrary to popular belief, you can fly commercial aircraft wearing glasses or contact lenses, as long as your vision is correctable to 20/20. If you wear glasses or contact lenses it is important to take your last optician’s report along to the examination. A comprehensive visual examination by an eye specialist is required during the initial examination. The CAA provides guidance on vision standards for pilots who wear glasses and contact lenses.
What do they test?
There will be a series of questions about medical history and any previous illness. If there is any major illness in your past, it is important to bring reports about it from your family doctor or treating specialist. Appendicitis or a broken arm are not regarded as major illnesses. Further details of the regulatory requirements can be found on the CAA’s Medical Examination Standards page. There will also be a general physical exam which will check that your lungs, heart, blood pressure, stomach, limbs and nervous system are functioning correctly. You can also expect tests to determine your hearing capabilities, an Electrocardiogram (ECG) to measures the electrical impulses passing through your heart, a Lung function test (spirometry), a Haemoglobin blood test and a Urine test – you will be asked to provide a sample of urine, so remember to attend for examination with a full bladder!
Initial applicant enquiries on fitness for Class 1 medical certification should be made to an Aeromedical Centre. Once you have obtained a valid EASA Class 1 medical, you will need to have it revalidated once a year, up until the age of 60 when you will have to revalidate it every six months (or 40 if you are flying Single Pilot commercial air transport passenger operations).
Federal Aviation Administration
Hong Kong Civil Aviation Department
Civil Aviation Authority
Australian Government Civil Aviation Authority
Canadian Air Transport Security Authority
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